1938 FIFA World Cup

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1938 FIFA World Cup
Tournament details
Host country Argentina
Dates 14-29 May
Teams 16 (from 4 confederations)
Venue(s) 2 (in 2 host cities)
Final positions
Champions  Italy (2nd title)
Runners-up  Netherlands
Third place  United States
Fourth place  Portugal
Tournament statistics
Matches played 17
Goals scored 64 (3.76 per match)
Attendance 597,421 (35,142 per match)
Top scorer(s) Italy Giuseppe Meazza (6 goals)
Italy 1934
1950

The 1938 FIFA World Cup was the seventh FIFA World Cup to be held since its inception in 1906. The bids started to come in 1933 and lasted until August 13, 1936, where Argentina won the bid to host the World Cup. This is eight years after the first World Cup to be held in South America. Fourteen teams advanced to the main competition joining Argentina (host nation) and Italy (defending champion). The Dutch East Indies became the first team to qualify through to the World Cup from the Asian region.

Italy won the World Cup for the second consecutive time after they defeated the Netherlands 2-0 in the final held in Buenos Aires. While United States finished in 3rd place after defeating Portugal in the curtain-raiser match.

Background[edit | edit source]

On February 17, 1935, FIFA brought back knockout format which in 1910 was a failure in the country of Austria. The attempt at the possibility of doing a knockout competition was further strengthened by the recent Olympic competition which was held in Germany with crowds over an average of 35,000 people.

Bids[edit | edit source]

Argentina was chosen to be the host of the 1938 FIFA World Cup after it was the only bid to come from the South America region. This meant that it would be the second time that South America would host the event after eight years.

Qualifying[edit | edit source]

Main article: 1938 FIFA World Cup qualification

Qualifications for the 1938 FIFA World Cup began in January 1937 with the WEFF Championship being held in Italy. 16 teams made it through to the finals with Latvia, Dutch East Indies and Romania all making their debuts. Denmark returned to the World Cup for the first time in 24 years while Belgium was the highest team to not make it through to the World Cup as they were ranked 4th at the time.

Seeding[edit | edit source]

Pot 1 Pot 2

Draw[edit | edit source]

 
Round of 16Quarter-finalsSemi-finalsFinal
 
              
 
May 14 - Avellaneda
 
 
 Italy5
 
May 20 - Buenos Aires
 
 Bulgaria0
 
 Italy3
 
May 14 - Buenos Aires
 
 Argentina0
 
 Chile2
 
May 25 - Buenos Aires
 
 Argentina4
 
 Italy5
 
May 15 - Avellaneda
Replayed: May 18
 
 Portugal1
 
 Denmark1 (0)
 
May 20 - Avellaneda
 
 Brazil1 (3)
 
 Brazil1
 
May 15 - Buenos Aires
 
 Portugal2
 
  Switzerland0
 
May 29 - Buenos Aires
 
 Portugal2
 
 Italy2
 
May 16 - Buenos Aires
 
 Netherlands0
 
 Romania3
 
May 21 - Buenos Aires
 
 Yugoslavia1
 
 Romania1
 
May 16 - Avellaneda
 
 United States2
 
 Dutch East Indies0
 
May 26 - Buenos Aires
 
 United States5
 
 United States2
 
May 17 - Avellaneda
 
 Netherlands3 Third place
 
 Hungary3
 
May 21 - AvellanedaMay 29 - Buenos Aires
 
 Uruguay2
 
 Hungary0 Portugal1
 
May 17 - Buenos Aires
 
 Netherlands1  United States2
 
 Latvia1
 
 
 Netherlands5
 

Round 1[edit | edit source]

The first round of the World Cup saw the debutants of the Dutch East Indies, Latvia and Romania in the World Cup. Only Romania would qualify to the quarter-finals from the three teams as they defeated Yugoslavia 3-1 with Stefan Dobay scoring a double. In other results from the opening round, Brazil and Denmark had to go to a second match after the first match ended in a 1-1 draw. The replay though would be a different story as Brazil dominated to win 3-0. Switzerland also was a shock elimination in the opening round as they joined Yugoslavia with a loss to Portugal while Italy gained an easy passage through into the quarters after defeating Bulgaria 5-0 with Giuesppe Meazza scoring a double.

May 14, 1938
 Italy 5-0  Bulgaria
Meazza Goal 15'58'
Piola Goal 12'
Colaussi Goal 41'
Ferrari Goal 79'
Estadio Independiente, Avellaneda
Attendance: 34,254


May 14, 1938
 Chile 2-4  Argentina
Domínguez Goal 23'
Muñoz Goal 77'
Zozaya Goal 16'76'
Mata Goal 31'
Scopelli Goal 55'
Estadio Gasómetro, Buenos Aires
Attendance: 68,474


May 15, 1938
 Denmark 1-1  Brazil
Sørensen Goal 25' Tim Goal 76'
Estadio Independiente, Avellaneda
Attendance: 29,516


May 15, 1938
  Switzerland 0-2  Portugal
Peyroteo Goal 53'
Pinga Goal 76'
Estadio Gasómetro, Buenos Aires
Attendance: 44,913


May 16, 1938
 Romania 3-1  Yugoslavia
Dobay Goal 13'62'
Kovács Goal 41'
Marjanović Goal 67'
Estadio Gasómetro, Buenos Aires
Attendance: 35,252


May 16, 1938
 Dutch East Indies 0-5  United States
Nemchick Goal 23'57'82'
McEwan Goal 13'
Rae Goal 61'
Estadio Independiente, Avellaneda
Attendance: 18,433


May 17, 1938
 Hungary 3-2  Uruguay
Turay Goal 17'
Zsengellér Goal 59'
Sas Goal 82'
Varela Goal 29'34'
Estadio Independiente, Avellaneda
Attendance: 29,885


May 17, 1938
 Latvia 1-5  Netherlands
Vestermans Goal 5' van Spaandonck Goal 47'78'
Vente Goal 23'
van Heel Goal 41'
de Boer Goal 69'
Estadio Gasómetro, Buenos Aires
Attendance: 33,626

Replay[edit | edit source]

May 18, 1938
 Denmark 0-3  Brazil
Leônidas Goal 28'62'
Romeu Goal 47'
Estadio Independiente, Avellaneda
Attendance: 24,515

Quarter Finals[edit | edit source]

The quarter-finals of the World Cup saw the defending champions in Italy knocking out the hosts (Argentina) with three different goal scorers being on the scoresheet in the win. The Netherlands also qualified through to a semi final after a fifth minute goal from Frank Wels giving the win to the Dutch as they would be meeting the United States after a tight battle which saw them just get over Romania after Ray Volz scored the winner in the 85th minute of play. The other match saw Portugal qualify through to their first semi after defeating Brazil 2-1.

May 20, 1938
 Italy 3-0  Argentina
Piola Goal 32'
Meazza Goal 74'
Colaussi Goal 79'
Estadio Gasómetro, Buenos Aires
Attendance: 61,611


May 20, 1938
 Brazil 1-2  Portugal
Leônidas Goal 55' Peyroteo Goal 25'
Soeiro Goal 79'
Estadio Independiente, Avellaneda
Attendance: 26,155


May 21, 1938
 Romania 1-2  United States
Bindea Goal 44' Nemchick Goal 33'
Volz Goal 85'
Estadio Gasómetro, Buenos Aires
Attendance: 26,733


May 21, 1938
 Hungary 0-1  Netherlands
Wels Goal 5'
Estadio Independiente, Avellaneda
Attendance: 18,599

Semi Finals[edit | edit source]

May 25, 1938
 Italy 5-1  Portugal
Meazza Goal 15'42'
Piola Goal 26'79'
Locatelli Goal 18'
Cruz Goal 26'
Estadio Gasómetro, Buenos Aires
Attendance: 39,543


May 26, 1938
 United States 2-3  Netherlands
Volz Goal 27'
Nemchick Goal 52'
Smit Goal 1'
van Heel Goal 20'
Vente Goal 77'
Estadio Gasómetro, Buenos Aires
Attendance: 39,214

Third Place Playoff[edit | edit source]

May 29, 1938
 Portugal 1-2  United States
Cruz Goal 14' McAlees Goal 35'
Volz Goal 66'
Estadio Gasómetro, Buenos Aires
Attendance: 10,145

Final[edit | edit source]

May 29, 1938
 Italy 2-0  Netherlands
Ferrari Goal 32'
Meazza Goal 68'
Estadio Gasómetro, Buenos Aires
Attendance: 56,553
Referee: Georges Capdeville (France)

Goalscorers[edit | edit source]

6 goals

5 goals

3 goals

2 goals

1 goal

Tournament Rankings[edit | edit source]

Qualifying countries and their results
R Team P W D L GF GA GD Pts
1  Italy 4 4 0 0 15 1 +14 8
2  Netherlands 4 3 0 1 9 5 +4 6
3  United States 4 3 0 1 11 5 +6 6
4  Portugal 4 2 0 2 6 8 -2 4
Eliminated in the quarter finals
5  Brazil 3 1 1 1 5 3 +2 3
6  Romania 2 1 0 1 4 3 +1 2
7  Hungary 2 1 0 1 3 3 0 2
8  Argentina 2 1 0 1 4 5 -1 2
Eliminated in the opening round
9  Denmark 2 0 1 1 1 4 -3 1
10  Uruguay 1 0 0 1 2 3 -1 0
11  Chile 1 0 0 1 2 4 -2 0
12  Yugoslavia 1 0 0 1 1 3 -2 0
13   Switzerland 1 0 0 1 0 2 -2 0
14  Latvia 1 0 0 1 1 5 -4 0
=15  Bulgaria 1 0 0 1 0 5 -5 0
 Dutch East Indies 1 0 0 1 0 5 -5 0

Notes[edit | edit source]